Modified Fuzzy C-Means Clustering Algorithm Application in Medical Image Segmentation

Karim Mohammed Aljebory, Thabit S. Mohammed

Abstract


Developing effective algorithm for segmenting image is very important in pattern recognition, medical MRI, X-Ray images analysis and in computer vision. Fuzzy c-means (FCM) is one of the mostly used methodologies in clustering image for segmentation. However, the results of the standard and the modified version FCM are not always satisfactory.  This paper introduces a spatial FCM that considers the weighted fuzzy effect of neighboring pixels on the cluster center depending on the location and intensity (kernel metric).

The objective function in the FCM algorithm is modified to minimize the intensity inhomogeneities, by implicating the spatial neighborhood information and modifying the membership weighting of each cluster.  The advantages of the new FCM algorithm are: (a) produces homogeneous regions more than FCM algorithm, (b) handles noisy spots, and (c) it is relatively less sensitive to noise. Experimental results on real images show that the algorithm is effective, efficient, and is relatively independent of the type of noise. Especially, it can process non-noisy and noisy images without knowing the type of the noise.


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ISSN: 2220-234X